It is possible that your condition might qualify for a workers comp claim, yes. It is also possible that it might not. Only your workers comp carrier can say for sure.
The way to start is to follow your company's procedures for filing a workers comp claim. If you do not know what they are, ask your supervisor, HR representative, or union representative if applicable.
Two things I am tired of typing: 1.) A wrongful termination does not mean that you were fired for something you didn't do; it means that you were fired for a reason prohibited by law. 2.) The above answer, whatever it is, assumes that no legally binding contract or CBA expressly says otherwise. If it does, the terms of the contract apply.