I'm a Northern Girl
Bottom line; You very well may be able to get the name on your transcripts changed; you just can't use FERPA to do it.
Where are you getting this information? Please provide cites. Thanks.For both Higher Education or General Public Education. Under your annual notice of rights as a student. Local policy can define records in a subject matter that matches 'transcript' records. Under that policy, the district may permit use of FERPA ability to amend records. If not, than follow normal protocols in the Educational Institution.
34 CFR 99.7: https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/34/99.739 CFR 99.7 says the parents and students have to get annual notice from those covered by FERPA (that is, those who receive direct monetary support from the Federal government). However, the notice comprises a fairly perfunctory list of rights and the contact for FERPA-based erquest.
Post is not gone "This message is awaiting moderator approval, and is invisible to normal visitors." I will provide Citations. There you will find the Definitions which are relevant to 34 C.F.R. § 99.7, 34 C.F.R § 99.3,§ 99.31(a)(1) §99.21.Oh, look the post is gone.
It is best on this forum to provide the poster with not only relevant information (cites when requested) but also with how the information applies to their legal concerns.No problem!