Q1 is this considered fair use, or something else?Very generally speaking, small quotes or excerpts properly attributed are not going to cause you trouble. But there are exceptions, with one notable exception already mentioned (i.e., Einstein material). Because there ARE exceptions, getting permission even when technically not needed, is wise and advised.
i understand what your saying, there are exceptions.
Q2 i only used one definition from a dictionary. I researched it, it almost seems like they want me to send them a letter asking for permission. is this true or did i miss something?
Q3 i paraphrased a portion of the movie Indiana jones, the one with the holy grail in it. i thought i read somewhere it was ok to use things like this what do you think? i related it to a something i was talking about. the portion of the movie i described was about 1 or 2 minutes long apx. this movie is from the 80s or 90s somewhere.
Q4 i referred to a tv show that started maybe 10 years ago(im not sure if they are still running) and how they generally act and made comments about that it wasnt nessisary to do that in life, what about this? i didnt name the show in the book but refered to a tv show and the actions generically. i wanted to be vague on the name.just silly actions that were taken.
Q5 i mildly critisized a well known ministry but at the end i said im happy that they are there at minimum they do good things, what about this?
Q6 i also critisized a few churches i went to and things they do or did, what about this?